The Canada Social Transfer and Social Determinants of Health

Submitted by Donna Jean Fors... on August 8, 2016 - 1:48am

Excerpted from the backgrounder of the report:

The Canada Social Transfer is the primary source of federal funding in Canada that supports provincial and territorial social programs, specifically, post secondary education, social assistance and social services, and programs for children. Federal legislation dictates only one condition that the provinces and territories are required to meet to receive the funding: to ensure that there is no minimum residency period required before persons are eligible to receive social assistance.

Canadian advocates of human rights and equitable public policy are increasingly concerned with accountability and have called for the government to introduce conditions and standards associated with the CST to improve accountability and to ensure that Canadians, regardless of location, have equal access to adequate social programming.

This advocacy occurs in light of the knowledge that the social determinants of health, including income, early childhood education, employment, and access to adequate housing, among others, are extremely important contributing factors individual health and well-being of Canadians.

This paper investigates the adequacy of government provision and accountability in delivering social services through an in-depth exploration of income security funding at the national, provincial, and local level in Canada.